L'intervento del nostro Vice Presidente Andrea Payaro, sul tema dell'outsourcing logistico nelle PMI, in occasione della XX conferenza EBES a Vienna.
Dal 28 al 30 settembre scorsi si è tenuta a Vienna la ventesima conferenza EBES (Eurasia Business and Economics Society).
EBES è un'Associazione Scientifica, fondata nel 2008, che raccoglie studiosi coinvolti nella pratica e nello studio di economia, finanza e business in tutto il mondo. EBES è stata fondata con lo scopo non solo di promuovere la ricerca accademica nel campo dell'economia, della finanza, e delle attività d'impresa, ma anche di favorire lo sviluppo intellettuale degli studiosi e di fornire opportunità di rete per i partecipanti per estendere la cooperazione accademica.
Nella seconda giornata della conferenza, il nostro Vice Presidente Andrea Payaro ha effettuato un intervento dedicato ad analizzare i motivi della bassa diffusione dell'outsourcing logistico tra le Piccole e Medie Imprese italiane (SME: Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, nella denominazione inglese); ne pubblichiamo di seguito l'Abstract.
Logistics Outsourcing. Why do not any Italian SMEs adopt the externalization?
Logistics is a one of the common function that companies usually outsourced. The decision to keep this function in-house or contract with one or many third-party logistics (3PL) companies is entirely strategic and can dramatically impact any organization's bottom line. 3PL users report an average of 44% of their total logistics expenditures are related to outsourcing. 72% of firms are increasing their use of outsourced logistics services in 2015, which is up slightly from the average reported in recent years. Most developed outsourcing logistics market belongs to the U.S. with 88%. It is followed by Asia 48%, and Europe – 46% (O’Reilly, 2010). In Italy some industries can reach the 70%, in particular food, groceries and fashion (Osservatorio Contract Logistics del Politecnico di Milano). There are many researches about logistics and large enterprises. There are less studies about Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and logistics outsourcing. SMEs play a major role in the Italian economic system. Their business activities have become an important component of the Italian economy.
This paper aims to depict the adoption level of outsourcing by Italian SMEs. By direct interviews to 30 companies’ representatives we investigate which services or processes are outsourced. We investigate the reasons why companies adopt or don’t adopt the externalization. Moreover, for every company we calculate the logistics costs of simple logistics processes. In effect, we wish to compare the logistics costs communicated by the firms and the same costs calculated with ABC (Activity Based Cost) model. This research demonstrate that SMEs adopt 3PLs only for transportation. SMEs do not know all the logistics services offered by 3PLs and SMEs think the services are dedicated only to large enterprises. Finally, many companies are not able to calculate logistics costs, then they cannot compare a 3PL offer with their real costs.